From Committee for Promotion of Women’s Rights to Committee for Gender Equality — A State Feminism Study from Comparative Perspective
Author: Wan-Ying Yang
Abstract / Chinese PDF Download
The increasing interactions between Women’s movement and state government have transferred from the cooperation on policy project to the institutionalization of regular division of labor. Women’s movement has gradually moved into state institution. The most distinguished case is the appeal of women’s groups, influenced by the international tendency and the regime change, to install a central highest-level women’s agency in the ongoing governmental reform project. And such experience accumulats gradually through trial and error. This research focuses on the development and transformation of the institution of gender equality. Essentially this is a comparative institutional study, therefore, I shall first compare other countries’ experiences in building women’s state agency. Based on the comparative analytical viewpoints and framework, I shall focus on Taiwan’s case to examine the historical interaction between Taiwan women’s movement and state organs. Specifically, I compare the founding and operation of the committee for the Promotion of Women’s Rights under the KMT regime, with the promotion of the installation of the Committee for Gender Equality under the DPP regime by women’s groups. They are, in fact, developed under different structural contexts and political opportunities, and reveal different relationships between state and gender.