« Taiwanese Journal of Political Science No.89Publish: 2021/09

Residents’ Conceptions of Justice in Industrial Pollution Sites:Case Studies of Houjin and Taishi

Author: Tsuey-Ping Lee

Abstract / Chinese PDF Download

This study explores the conceptions of justice held by community residents of industrial pollution sites, the contextual factors shaping their held conceptions of justice, and the challenges to the practice of justice. These are analyzed by conducting questionnaire surveys and in-depth face-to-face interviews in Hou-Jin, Kaohsiung City and Tai-Shi village, Chang-Hua County.The results of the research show that respondents from both sites tended to choose public-interest oriented compensatory justice, including pollution clean-up and community revitalization, rather than private-interest oriented compensatory justice and retributive justice. The contextual factors behind these preferences are mainly the good memories held by residents about the natural environment before its deterioration, the ideology shaped by the long journey of the local environmental movement in Hou-Jin, and the farming traditions in Tai-Shi village. However, fatigue from the seemingly endless environmental movement and the losing of patience and trust in the government in the fight for justice have redirected the residents toward private-interest oriented compensatory justice. This study also finds that procedural justice was less preferred if other conceptions of justice became available. Obviously, the respondents hesitated to take participatory action, although they wanted to be well informed. The contextual factors behind this attitude are perceptions of the invalidity of participation, the accomplishment of settling the mission of the local environmental movement in Hou-Jin, and the residents’ lack of participatory capabilities and confidence.

Keywords:Brownfield Redevelopment Policy、Compensatory、Environmental Governance、Environmental Justice、Retributive Justice